Your face will typically portray the initial visible signs of ageing. This is usually caused by the effects of gravity and diminished volume. For many people this is the time to consider facelift surgery as they feel their specific facial features no longer reflect how youthful or energetic they feel. Facelift surgery will allow someone to rejuvenate their appearance, smooth out the skin on the face and neck, remove excess skin, and tighten the underlying tissues. It is believed that a facelift will allow someone to recapture their youthful spirit.
Prior to undergoing facelift surgery, you will typically require a preoperative consultation with your surgeon. A surgeon will need to perform a physical examination and will assess certain features such as your facial bone structure, skin thickness, texture, elasticity, underlying skin structure and the actual extent of facial folds and wrinkles. From the information that your surgeon has gathered they are then able to formulate a specific plan, and they will then discuss the procedure with you, and your overall goals. Facelift surgery can be considered an extremely versatile procedure and usually your surgeon will take time to explain the exact technique that they feel is best to you. The surgical technique they will perform will be based on the best outcome for you and one that offers the lowest risk.
Facelift surgery has evolved over the years and the actual procedure has, in fact, changed many times and become far more complex. A facelift used to be as simple as skin lifting however nowadays there are numerous different techniques. A facelift will typically involve making incisions both in front of and behind the ear. On certain occasions these incisions may even extend into the scalp. Once the incisions have been made, the deeper layers of the face and skin are literally “lifted”. The procedure may also involve muscle tightening and liposuction of the neck and jowls. To finish off, the excess skin will either be repositioned or completely removed. The final results will tighten the soft tissues of the face and can actually reverse the effects of gravity, which will give you a far more youthful appearance.
As with any form of surgery, there may be certain risks involved. However, there are very rarely any significant complications from facelift surgery. Thousands of people undergo facelift surgery every year and the results are very successful, while the patient is usually extremely pleased with the overall result. Certain complications that may arise from facelift surgery include hematoma, which is basically an accumulation of blood under the skin, infections and in some cases certain patients suffer from reactions to anesthesia. It is also possible to injure the underlying structures of the face, although this form of injury is usually just temporary. It is important to remember that plastic surgeons are trained in manipulating facial skin and tissues. Another complication that may arise will be from the healing of facelift incisions. They are normally fairly inconspicuous, although the healing process can be fairly unpredictable. Therefore, it is vitally important that you follow the instructions given to you by a plastic surgeon.
Prior to surgery there are a number of actions that you should take. Certain medications such as aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications should not be taken prior to surgery as they are known to increase the risk of bleeding. If you are a smoker, your surgeon will ask you to stop smoking prior to surgery. On the day of surgery you will initially be administered with certain medications to make the procedure more comfortable. You will have, already, decided between you and your plastic surgeon the specific type of anesthesia that will be used. You will also find that you are attached to various monitors throughout the operation and these will be used to check your heart, pulse, blood pressure and the overall amount of oxygen circulating in your blood. Once the surgery has been completed you will then be taken to a recovery area and often a bandage may be wrapped around your face. On some occasions small tubes are inserted beneath the skin, and this is merely to drain away fluid. You may be fairly surprised that following the procedure you will feel very little pain or discomfort. However you are likely to be prescribed with pain medication.
The recovery time from facelift surgery will vary from patient to patient. It is important that you keep your head elevated as this will reduce swelling and your surgeon may even advise you to use ice packs on a regular basis. It is important to completely avoid aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications for the first few days after surgery, and you should additionally avoid smoking as this is known to delay the healing process. Once your bandages had been removed you may notice some discoloration and puffiness, but any swelling or puffiness will usually subside within 48 hours and the discoloration or bruising will be gone within two weeks. Your face may also feel numb, but this is perfectly normal. It is also advisable that you completely avoid bending, lifting and straining for the first few days as these activities may lead to bleeding.